Holy Spirit - The UK has more churches than pubs

There are around 40,300 church buildings in the UK open to the public and being used for worship


With Easter just around the corner, latest figures show that there is no shortage of churches in the UK to celebrate one of the most important festivals in the Christian calendars.

In fact, the UK now has more churches than pubs, new data published by the National Churches Trust shows.

There are around 39,000 pubs in the UK, according to the latest figures from the Office of National Statistics, with more than 11,000 pubs having closed in the UK in the last decade – a fall of almost a quarter (23%).

However, there are around 40,300 church buildings in the UK open to the public and being used for worship, according to research carried out for the National Churches Trust by The Brierley Consultancy.

The number of church buildings is also substantially higher than other key public buildings in the UK. There are currently around 14,300 supermarkets operated by grocery retailers, 11,500 post office branches, 7,500 bank branches and 3,600 public libraries.

Estimated number of church buildings in the UK by denomination.

  • Anglican    16,600
  • Methodist  4,700
  • Presbyterian 4,100
  • Roman Catholic   3,700
  • Independent   3,700
  • Baptist        3,100
  • Smaller denominations 1,400
  • Pentecostal 1,500
  • New churches 1,300
  • Orthodox  200

Community hubs

In addition to being used for worship, an increasing number of churches in the UK are becoming local ‘community hubs’, hosting children’s nurseries, senior citizen lunch clubs, concerts and exhibitions.  Some even house post-offices, GP surgeries and farmer’s markets.

Nearly 1 in 5 of the places where people cast their vote are church buildings, with around  6,000 of the UK’s approximately 32,000 polling places – the physical locations of polling stations – located in church buildings, representing some 19% of the total.

Christian congregations

The number of Christian congregations in the UK is around 50,000. This figure is higher than the number of church buildings as some are used by more than one congregation or worship takes place in a school or community hall.

Revd Lucy Winkett, Rector of St James’s church, Piccadilly and a Trustee of the National Churches Trust said:

“Church buildings are a tremendous national asset for the UK. Many of them are historic buildings, a vital part of our national heritage.”

"As well as being places of worship, church buildings also play a vital role in activities for the benefit of the wider community. It is estimated that nearly 90% of churches are used for community purposes such as playgroups and lunch clubs and for social and cultural activities including concerts and exhibitions.”

“At a time when so many public buildings are closing and high streets are losing their shops, church buildings are places where people can meet, work together and build community.  That’s why it’s so important to keep them open and in good repair.”

Peter Brierley, Chief Executive of The Brierley Consultancy said:  

“Although some Anglican, Roman Catholic and Methodist church buildings have closed in recent years, this loss has been outweighed by the growth of new Evangelical and Pentecostal church congregations.”

“Migration to the UK is another factor behind the buoyancy in the number of church congregations. One of the first things that new communities do when arriving in the UK is to set up a place of worship. These new congregations often gather in non-traditional spaces such as converted cinemas, warehouses or shops.”

“Although much has been written about the decline in church going in recent years, the number of Christian congregations and church buildings in the UK has remained remarkably stable.”

The figures on church buildings have been compiled for the National Churches Trust by the Brierley Consultancy, based on an analysis of the latest figures available from Christian denominations and included in the 2018 UK Church Statistics. www.brierleyconsultancy.com

Anglican includes Church of England, Church of Ireland [in Northern Ireland], Church in Wales, Scottish Episcopal Church, Traditional Continuing, Free Anglican or other ex-Church of England groups.

Methodist includes Methodist Church of Great Britain, the Methodist Church in Ireland [in Northern Ireland], Wesleyan Reform Union, Independent Methodists and Free Methodists.

Presbyterian includes Church of Scotland, Presbyterian Church in Ireland [in Northern Ireland],  United Reformed Church [URC], Presbyterian Church of Wales,  Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, Free Church of Scotland and other smaller Presbyterian denominations.

Roman Catholic includes Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales,  Roman Catholic Church in Ireland [in Northern Ireland],  Roman Catholic Church in Scotland, overseas foreign national churches

Independent includes  Christian Brethren [Open], FIEC [Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches],  Union of Welsh Independents, Christian Brethren [Exclusive],  other Congregational churches,  Churches of Christ, and other independent (often individual) churches.

Baptist includes Baptist Union of Great Britain, Independent Baptists, Grace Baptist Churches, Baptist Union of Wales, Baptist Union of Scotland,  Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland [in Northern Ireland],  Gospel Standard Strict Baptist and  Old Baptist Union.

Smaller denominations includes Salvation Army, overseas national churches, Seventh-Day Adventists,  Lutheran churches, Religious Society of Friends [Quakers],  Church of the Nazarene, Moravian Churches,  Worldwide Church of God Churches and Fresh Expressions or “Messy Church ”and other like synonyms.

Pentecostal includes Redeemed Christian Church of God, African and West Indian Churches, Elim Pentecostal Churches, Assemblies of God, New Testament Church of God, Oneness Churches, Kingsway International Christian Centre, United Pentecostal Church of Great Britain, Church of Pentecost, Apostolic Church, Mountain of Fire Ministries, Deeper Life Bible Church,  Church of God of Prophecy, Holiness Churches, and other smaller denominations

New Churches includes New frontiers, Salt and Light Ministries, Vineyard Churches, Ground Level Network, Pioneer, the Ichthus Christian Fellowship, Multiply Network, International Network of Churches, other House Church streams, small House Church networks, and  non-denominational churches.

Orthodox includes Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, other Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and other Orthodox churches.