South Kilvington is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Cheluitun in the Yarlestre hundred. The entry refers to the area around North Kilvington that was owned by Earl Edwin at the time of the Norman invasion and then granted to the Crown. Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland was said to have been killed here in 1489 by a mob of protesters against taxation. St Wilfrid was built in approximately 1271. One of the most prominent rectors was De Scope who went on to be Archbishop of York, and donated the font, which is of frosterly marble. Most of the pews were made by W. Kingsley who was rector for 58 years (1859-1917). Other notable features include the shingled bell tower, a Norman window and remodelled Norman doorway in the nave and another Norman window in the chancel, and the early 14th century East window.